Upper Mustang Trek

Trip Highlights

Spectacular Mountain flight Pokhara/ Jomsom via Dhaulagiri, Annapurna range and mt machhapuchhre, Explore the hidden kingdom of Lo Manthang Unique culture and lifestyle

Visit ancient Buddhist Monastery and amazing caves,Landscape looks like Tibetan plateau, Amazing Kaligandaki river and fossils are found on river bank

Trip Overview

Upper Mustang Trek leads to the oldest Buddhist kingdom of Mustang in the geographically and culturally rich country Nepal. Upper Mustang is closely linked to the Tibetan culture, language and geography. The rugged and dry land masses with prayer flags along the way give a true feeling of inner peace. The Upper Mustang Trek focuses on Lo Manthang which is the capital o Upper Mustang. Lo Manthang gives an opportunity to view the age old beautiful Thugchen Gompa, Amchi museum and school, Chhoser and largest prayer wall in Ghami.


It is believed that Guru Rinpoche had fought with demon among the Mustang’s snow capped mountain, desert canyons, and grassland. Once Guru Rinpoche killed the demon, it is said he scattered the demon’s body parts across Mustang valley. Consequently its blood formed the towering red cliffs and its intestines tumbled near to Ghami where people have later on build the stone prayer wall. Thus the longest prayer wall in Nepal, on top of the demon’s intestines.

Upper Mustang trekking is one of the best trek to do even in the monsoon season in Nepal. The most convenient way to get to Upper Mustang is to fly or drive from Pokhara to Jomsom and start the trek from there. Trek follow the famous Kali Gandaki River upstream, partly walking in the river side itself, to Kagbeni. From Kagbeni the restricted area of Upper Mustang starts. Upper Mustang is a restricted area and up till 1992 it was forbidden for foreign visitors to enter the kingdom. Nowadays foreigners are welcome to Upper Mustang for a permit fee of US$ 500 (to be arranged through a trekking agency and valid for 10 days, each additional day costs US$ 50).


From Kagbeni the trek goes north wards and leads to Lo Manthang in 4 to 5 days. You cross pass after pass, which are all between 3,500 and 4,000 m. You can return partly by a different way via Dhakmar, crossing 2 passes of around 4,200 m. Close to Dhakmar you can find the oldest Tibetan monastery in the world, the Lo Gekar Monastery. Lo Gekar Monastery was built in the 8th century by the famous Tibetan magician Guru Rinpoche. It is said that he killed a powerful demon and the blood of the demon has painted the rocks around Dhakmar bright red.



Autumn Session: September – November  

The autumn months of mid-September, October and November are known for being Nepal’s mountaineering and the best time to go trekking. The monsoon rains have cleared the sky with outstanding the views are often remarkable. The valleys are still green and the weather is trifling so trekking is far more pleasurable at this time.

Winter Session : December – February 

Winter season is usually snowfall at higher elevations in Himalayas. Though it gets colder in night, often it offers the clear day / blue sky and comparatively less trekkers on the trail. Winter Treks like Ghorepani pun hill trek, Mardi Himal trek, Everest base camp, Annapurna Panorama, Annapurna Sanctuary, Everest base and Langtang reason treks are always comfortable to trek even in winter season.

Spring Session: March – May 

Spring is the best trekking season for the trekking and mountaineering in Nepal.  Weather is mostly perfect and temperature is moderate which offers beautiful views without any obstruction. Spring collects beautiful flowers, plants and rare animals Walking is also very much suitable during this season.

Summer Session: June – August 

Though summer collects heavy monsoon rainfall it is very much clear to trek around upper and lower Mustang, lower and upper Dolpo and Nar- Phu valley since they are rain shadow areas.  Tibet is much more favorable for Tibet trek. Everest, Langtang and Annapurna are always comfortable to trek even in summer season.

Team Composition in Trek

There will be one English speaking high altitude experience trek leader. There will be one assistant guide if required. Guide have inclusive knowledge of wilderness medical training. this arrangement ensure that if anybody in the group get sick, the trip can still go ahead as planned for the rest of the group. Porters for luggage carrying: two trekkers: one porters. It is depend number of porter where and how long you doing trek and Depending on the nature of the travel.

Physical Condition & Experience Requirements

This is a moderate trek suitable for trekkers who have the skill to walk at least 5-7 hours a day with a light bag. Exercising and jogging regularly for some weeks earlier to the trip to improve our strength and stability. Past hiking Experience would be an asset but no technical skill is required for this trip. Walking in higher altitudes is more physically demanding than walking in lower altitudes. You are in excellent health with average physical fitness and have a positive attitude, Self-confidence and strong determination best way to complete this trek successfully.

Outline Itinerary

Day 1 Kathmandu to Pokhara (Drive) 840 m Lodge
Day 2 Pokhara to Jomsom (Flight) to Kagbeni 2840 m Lodge
Day 3 Kagbeni to Chele 3050 m Lodge
Day 4 Chele to Syangmoche 3475 m Lodge
Day 5 Syangmoche to Ghaymi 3500 m Lodge
Day 6 Ghami to Charang 3560 m Lodge
Day 7 Charang to Lo Manthang 3770 m Lodge
Day 8 Day trip to Chhoser Cave 3770 m Lodge
Day 9 Lo Manthang to Yara 3900 m Lodge
Day 10 Yara to Tangya 3860 m Lodge
Day 11 Tangya to Tetang 3050 m Lodge
Day 12 Tetang to Muktinath 3738 m Lodge
Day 13 Muktinath to Jomsom (drive) 2720 m Lodge
Day 14  jomsom to Pokhara (flight)  to kathmandu  820 m Lodge

Detail Itinerary


Day1: Kathmandu Arrival : 1300m.
Arrival at Tribhuvan International Airport at Kathmandu and transfer to the hotel. We take a short drive from the airport to our hotel. After a short rest, we  brief about the trek.


Day 2: Kathmandu Sightseeing

after beak fast full day sightseeing Durbar Square, Pashupatinath temple, Swayambhunath stupa and Bouddhanath stupa which are all world heritage sites.Pashupatinath temple is one of the most important places of pilgrimage for all Hindus. Swayambhunath is also known as the Monkey Temple and Baudhanath Stupa is one of the largest stupas in the world.


Day 3: Kathmandu- Pokhara (800m): 6 hours drive-25 minutes flight.
Early in the morning after breakfast drive to Pokhara – 200 km from Kathmandu- 6 hours drive by bus. Pokhara is one of the most visited cities after Kathmandu because of its scenic beauty. From the city, we get great views of the Himalayas including Dhaulagiri, Manaslu, Machhapuchhre, the five peaks of Annapurna. Pokhara is also a tourist destination, so we take some time out in the evening and enjoy!


Day 4: An early morning fly to Jomsom(2750) then trek to Kagbeni (2820m) (3:30 hours)

We climb along the side of the valley to Kagbeni at 2750m. Jomsom is a large, bustling settlement, & it is the administrative centre of the region that contains the airport, army camp, & numerous hotels, shops, banks & government offices. from jomsom walk onwards to Eklai Bhatti at 2730m. From here we follow the trail along the river to Kagbeni at 2820m which is situated at the junction of the Jhong Khola & the Kali Gandaki, the northernmost village that can be visited without a permit to continue on to Mustang. This village fascinates rich Tibetan cultures & their unique hospitality, influences us much.


Day 5: Kagbeni – Chaile(3050m) :5-7 hours walk.
we reach Chaile from Kagbeni through Tangbe, Chhukong. The route from Kagbeni to Tangbe is straight up so can be done easily. As soon as you reach Tangbe. Tangbe is small village with Tibetan majority where you can get Mani wall and chortens. After Tangbe by walking straight down you will reach Chhusang. On the opposite side of Chhusang there are small caves can be seen easily. From Chhusang you have to walk over the bridge of Chaile by walking 20 minutes from the bridge then you can reach Chaile. Overnight at Chaile.


Day 6:  Chaile to Syanboche(3800m) :5 hours walk.
after breakfast today’s journey begins. You have to walk steep up from Chaile where you can see many Mani wall en route. You can also see big cliff en route. You have to walk from the left of the rock face then you reach Samar. Have lunch at Samar then start the journey again. From Samar you have to walk steep up, straight down and by crossing one pass you will arrive Vena. If some problem arises by altitude you can have also camp out there. After walking straight down from Vena, you will reach to Syangboche. Syanboche is a village consisting of 4-5 lodges. You can also see a Cave Monastery which is located below Syangboche.


Day 7: Syangboche – Ghami (3550m) :5 hours walk.
From Syangboche you have to walk quite steep up till Dantha, then after Dantha you have to walk steep down then straight and you will reach Chorten from where you can clearly see Gelling. You can also find Monasteries to see in Gelling. From Gelling you have to walk straight up then you will reach Thaile. You will have lunch break at Thaile. After walking 30 mins down from Thaile you will reach one of the pass from where you can see many rocks and cliffs. Then walking straight down from Thaile you will reach Ghami.


Day 8: Ghami – Charang (3570m) : 5 hours walk.
after taking left turn from Ghami, you will reach to Charang. Before you reach to Charang you can see many Goodluck Chorten. At Charang there is a beautiful Monastery and you can enjoy with Apple Garden and fertile farmland here.


Day 9: Charang – Lomanthang (3820m) : 3:30 hours.

There are two routes for Lomanthang from Charang. The upper route is far better than lower route so we choose the upper route. You have to follow straight upward trail from Chasing, then you will reach to Gar Gumba. Gar Gumba is one of the interesting places to see and also related with Guru Rinpoche. After walking short straight then to step up route you will reach pass of Dantha where the altitude is 4250m. After walking sometimes from this pass you will be able to see Lomanthang.


Day 10: Lomanthang – Chooser – Thili – Namayal – Lomangthang:
Today it’s better to travel by horse so you can cover more areas. At Chooser, John cave and other caves are main attraction. Ani Gumba is famous at Thili. Namyal Gumba is popular at Namyal. Today it is better to carry packed lunch.Return to Lomanthang and overnight.


Day 11: Lo-Mangthang – Yara (3900m): 6-7 hours walk:
after walking steep down from Lo-Manthang you will reach Dantha, then you have to walk steep down and then by taking left turn, walking down the Kaligandaki River, you will arrive Yara. There are beautiful monasteries in Yara where you can click your pictures.


Day 12: Yara to Tangya (3900m): 8 hours.
Today is also difficult and long day for us. Therefore we start really early in the morning. We first have short and steep ascent and then long flat way trail. Then the trail continues steep down to Dechhyang Khola. It takes about 30 minutes. We find everywhere Saligrames (the black fossils of marine animals). Then the trail steeply ascents and leads us to the top of the pass. from the  trail goes up and down and then we are on a huge plateau and cross it for reaching to Tangya village. Stay overnight at tented camp.


Day 13:Tangya to Tetang (3040m): 10 hours (via Paha).
Today is also long day again. Therefore we start again really early in the morning. We leave the village, cross the suspension bridge and follow the short river route. After crossing the river, we steeply climb up to reach a small pass. Then the trail goes straight to Paha. Here is small water tap for drinking water. After the lunch break we continue crossing many small passes until we reach the top of the hill. It takes about 2 hours. Then the trail steeply descends and we encounter strong winds until we reach Tetang village. We have a superb view of Nilgiri Himal, Dhaulagiri I, Tukuche Peak, and other snow peaks during the trail.


Day 14: Trek from Tetang to Muktinath (3700m):6 hours.
In the morning after breakfast, we follow our trail through the village after passing the scenic Mani walls. Then, we keep ascending until reaching small pass from where we can see the high mountains and picturesque view of Muktinath. Then, we drop down to the small stream and cross by a suspension bridge. After that, we enter in the village of Chhyongar and follow the level trail until reaching Muktinath passing Kani/gate. In the evening, we explore to secret place for Hindus and Tibetan Buddhist in about 30 minutes in its compound. We can visit the 108 brass water spouts, Muktinath temple stands enshrining Vishnu, a Hindu god. When we visit to Muktinath Temple at once, we are free/salvation of escape from the cycle of birth and rebirth. Below the temple there is another Buddhist monastery where the combination of earth-water-fire that gives for Muktinath’s great religious significance. .


Day 15: Trek from Muktinath to Jomsom( 2720m) :5 hours.
In the morning after breakfast, we leave the village and drop down to Jharkot village where we visit the ancient Sakyamuni Buddhist Monastery and Traditional Medical Center. Then, we follow the dusty road trail for a while and choose short cut left trail until reaching Eklebatti . After,we follow again dusty and strong wind road level trail along the Kaligandaki River to reach Jomsom.


Day 16: Fly from Jomsom to Pokhara (820m): 20 minutes flight.
Early in the morning after breakfast, we fly back to Pokhara which takes about 20 minutes approximately, then, transfer to Hotel in Pokhara. After lunch, we visit in and around the valley. Stay overnight in Hotel.


Day 17: Pokhara- Kathmandu :
Today you will return to Kathmandu either by bus/private car or by flight.


day 18: Final departure:  Generally 3 hours before your flight time to get Kathmandu airport is needed in Nepal. So you transfer you to Kathmandu airport for your own destination.

Equipment List


1.Sun hat or scarf

2.Light balaclava or warm fleece hat

3.Sunglasses with UV protection


Upper Body:


5. Light and expedition weight thermal tops

6jacket or pullover

7. Fleece Wind-Stopper jacket (optional)

8.Waterproof (preferably breathable fabric) shell jacket

9. Down jacket [you can rent in Kathmandu]- must necessary



10Lightweight gloves

11Heavy weight gloves or mittens with a waterproof shell outer

12. Fleece liner gloves


Lower Body:

13. Underwear ( minimum 4 and according to length of your trip)

14. Hiking shorts ( minimum 2 and according to length of your trip)

15. Lightweight cotton long pants

16. Light and expedition weight thermal bottoms

17. Fleece or wool pants

18Gore-tex jacket

19Gore-tex jacket trouser



20.thin, lightweight inner socks (minimum 3 and according to length of your trip)

21.Thick, warm wool hiking socks (minimum 3 and according to length of your trip)

22.Hiking boots with spare laces

23.Camp shoes (sneakers and/or sandals) Gaiters for hiking in winter to the base camp



24. Sleeping bag rated to zero degrees F [Can rent in Kathmandu]

25. Headlamp and batteries

26. Basic First Aid Kit

27. Day pack (approximately 40L-45L)

28.Water bottles (2) toiletries

29.Small wash towel

30. Swiss knife

31.Leap gurd 30spf

32.Sun cream 50spf


What is the best season for this trekking?

  • Our trekking season extends from mid- September to May. From early September, the monsoonal rains decrease. By end of September through to December the weather is usually stable with mild to warm days, cold nights. February, March, April, May, June, October, November, December are the best time to do Everest base camp trek. From July to mid-September is raining season in Nepal. The best season for this Tour is any time between January to June and September to December.


How fit do I need to be for this trek ?

  • This is a moderate trek suitable for passionate walkers who have the skill to walk at least 5-7 hours a day with a light day pack.  Exercising and jogging regularly for some weeks earlier to the trip are a good idea to improve our strength and stability. Walking in higher altitudes is more physically demanding than walking in lower altitudes; however you are in excellent health with average physical fitness.  Have a positive attitude, self-confidence and strong determination best way to complete this trek successfully. Past hiking Experience would be an asset but no technical skill is required for this trip.


How long do we walk each day?

  • This is best measured in time – about 5 to 7 hours for each full day (or 10-15 km) in hilly   terrain. In the morning we walk from 8-11 am and in the afternoon from 1-3 or 4 pm. 1/2-day or full day for rest is planned for each trek over 8 days in length


Are there a minimum and a maximum number for your groups?

  • We cater to all group sizes, while maintaining the field staff ratio to give you the best quality and experience.


Can I obtain the visa for Nepal upon arrival at the airport?

  • YES, you can obtain a visa easily upon your arrival at Tribhuwan International Airport in Kathmandu. Tourist Visa with Multiple Entry for 30 days can be obtained by paying US $ 40 or equivalent foreign currency. Similarly, Tourist Visa with Multiple Entry for 90 days can be obtained by paying US $ 100.


What essential documents do I need to bring with me on tours?

  • Please bring a copy of your travel insurance, a copy of your passport and 3 photos (passport size) with you for your trip to Nepal. You would need photos for permits.


Will somebody come to pick me up at the Airport upon my arrival?

  • Yes, our airport representative will be there to receive you at the airport. high altitude sherpa guide will be showing high altitude sherpa  sign-board. Upon arrival, you will be transferred to your hotel.


What sort of accommodation can I expect in Kathmandu and in trekking?

  • We use standard rooms at three tourist stander hotels in Kathmandu with breakfast included. Along the trekking routes, teahouses/lodges generally provide basic clean facilities with a mattress and a quilt or blanket. The lodges in trekking routes usually provide single and double rooms, or occasionally a dormitory. At times when possible, dining will be around a bon fire. In tea houses, food will be prepared in the kitchen, which you should not enter without permission.


Are the food and water safe to eat and drink? 

  • Hygiene when trekking generally has improved extensively over the last ten years. local trekking guide knowledge to choose the lodges, which maintain a high standard of hygiene. Each day dinner and breakfast will be at a lodge you’ll stay at while for the lunch you would be stopping by on the way where you can order your meals as per your choice. Guide will help you to stop by at best possible places to eat. Most lodges serve boiled and filtered water, which is generally safe, we suggest a drop of iodine to be totally sure. We discourage the purchase of bottled water for the obvious environmental reasons. Please bring a water bottle with you, which you can refill.


How much additional money do I need per day?

  • It depends on your spending habits. Generally, in Kathmandu, you can allocate USD 10 to USD 15 for a lunch and a dinner. USD 15 to USD 18 per person a day will be enough to buy bottles of water, chocolates, pay for the hot shower and a few drinks during the trekking. Please note, higher you go the things would be expensive especially at higher altitude; all the goods are supplied either by helicopter, horse, mules or porters therefore the things are expensive.


What mode of transportation do you use  ?

  • Depending on the nature of the travel, the transportation to and from the destination varies from domestic flights to vehicular transportation to even piggy back rides on mules and yaks.


Do we book our own international flights to and from Nepal?

  • Yes, you need to book your own International flights. We are a local agent and it would cost you significantly higher to book through us.


Is there any communication while we are on trekking?

  • There are telephones in some villages along the trekking routes from which you can make international calls. All our guides carry mobile with local sim card and easily you can buy on arrival time in airport. Also we have kept a satellite phone which has poor connection for the network of phones. Our guide’s use it during the case of emergency and also clients can use them by paying its rental fee..


Can I use credit cards in the places I visit?

  • Major credit cards are accepted in all places but you need to pay 4% extra as bank levy, which might make cash transaction is highly recommended. Please change the currency in local Nepali Rupees before you go to the mountains. if you try to exchange your foreign currency there you would be getting very less exchange rates.


Can I add extra days to my trip?

  • High altitude Sherpa can add days at your request with additional costs to cover guides, porters, accommodation and food. If you are in private or solo trip it would be possible as your itinerary is very flexible or if you were in-group then this option would be limited so please make sure before departure tour.

Cost Included

  • Airport pickups and drops in a private vehicle
  •  Hotel accommodation in Kathmandu and Pokhara with breakfast
  • All ground transportation on a comfortable private vehicle as per the itinerary
  • Domestic flights (Kathmandu-Pokhara-Kathmandu)
  • Teahouse accommodation during the trek
  • Oxygen Bottle: Back up Oxygen Cylinder, mask and regulator for emergency .
  • Gamow Bag: 1 Rescue sled (Gamow bag) for emergency
  • An experienced, English-speaking trek leader and assistant trek leader
  • Porter service (2 trekkers: 1 porter
  • All meals (breakfast, lunch and dinner) during the trek
  • One map of Upper Mustang trekking
  • One Nepali mobile SIM card for local communication
  • Full day sightseeing in Kathmandu with private vehicle
  • Annapurna conservation area entry permits
  • special permit of upper mustang
  • Trekking information management system TIMS
  • Staff costs including their salary, insurance, equipment, food and accommodation.
  • Medical kit

Cost Not Include

  • Nepalese visa fee
  • International airfare to and from Kathmandu
  • Excess baggage charges
  • Lunch and dinner in Kathmandu and Pokhara
  • Extra night accommodation in Kathmandu and Pokhara in case of early arrival, late departure, and early return from the mountain (due to any reason) than the scheduled itinerary
  • Travel and rescue insurance
  • Personal expenses (phone calls, laundry, bar bills, battery recharge, extra porters, bottle or boiled water, shower etc)


First Aid

If you are Going Trekking and Climbing in Nepal, you Should Carry the Complete Medic kit.


First Aid Kit:

1. Povidone-iodine cream-1 tube.

– Antiseptic cream.

2. Cotton- 1 roll.

For dressing wounds.

3. Dressing gauze –5 pcs.

– For dressing.

4. Crepe bandage –2.

 Sprains and strains,also great as a sling for arm fractures.

5. Band- aid –10.

6. Dressing tape -1.

– Great not just for dressing but falsifier mild soft tissue injuries especially in the knee and ankles.

7. Moleskin second skin-1 packet:

 Great for treating chaffing and blisters.

Finger Pulse Oximeter:

1. Normal arterial oxygen is approximately 75 to 100 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg).

2. Values fewer than 60 mm Hg usually indicate the need for supplemental oxygen.

3. Normal pulse oximeter readings usually range from 95 to 100 percent.

4. Values under 90 percent are considered low.




8. Paracetamole 500 mg- 20 tablets:

 For mild headaches.

9. Ibuprofen 400mg -10 taplets:

– To relieve moderate to severe pain.

10.Throat lozenges -20:

– For cough and sore throat. Given the cold dry mountain air,it is a good idea  it have one in your mouth even without any discomfort.

11.Decongestant -10 tablets:

 For nausea congestion. Non-drowsy kinds like pseudo ephedrine recommended.

12. Antihistamine -10 tablets:

 For allergies.

13. Antiemetic -10 –tablets:

 To control the vomit and nausea.

14. Azithromycin 500mg – 10 tablet:

 For bacterial diarrhea.

15. Omeprazole 200mg -10 tablets:

 For minor gastric upsets and acidity.

16. Tinidazole 200 mg-3 taplats(500mg-12 tablets):

 For giardia and amoebic diarrhea.

17. Acetazolamide 250 mg –20 tablets:

 For helping with acclimataization and treating mild AMS.

18. Dexamethasone  400mg-10 tablets:

 To be used only under expert supervision to treat AMS.

19. Nifedipine 60mg- 10 tablets:

 To be use only under expert  supervision to treat HAPE.

0  Reviews on Upper Mustang Trek

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Quick Facts

  •   Destination: Annapurna Region
  •  Activities: Trekking
  •   Trip Grade: Moderate
  •   Departure from: Kathmandu
  •   Arrival on: Pokhara-Kathmandu
  •  Best Seasons: Spring - Autumn
  •   Accomodation: B/B plan in Kathmandu
  •   Transportation: Flight-Tourist Bus.

Quick Enquiry

Please verify a CAPTCHA